The transition of the business online and the transfer of staff to remote work has further accelerated the digital transformation and the growth of the cloud computing market. To survive in a highly competitive environment, you must introduce advanced solutions into work processes. And this means that cloud technologies in 2022 will continue to develop. Investments in development and operation will grow, and demand for offers among consumers will increase. The focus will be on cloud computing security. So what are the cloud security risks this year?
According to a Gartner study, 80% of all information leaks from the cloud will be due to misconfiguration or internal company problems, not provider vulnerabilities. IT organizations will need to pay attention to internal business processes and personnel training in security basics.
Today, 64% of companies consider cloud infrastructure more secure, but 75% take additional protective measures against cloud security risks. For example, 61% of customers resort to data encryption, 52% maintain a policy for managing identity and access to information systems, and 48% conduct regular system checks.
However, it is not so crucial for attackers where exactly the data is located: on virtual or real machines, their goal is to gain access at any cost. Therefore, you can use the same tools as in the company’s data center to protect data in the cloud. Experts identify three main areas of security: data encryption, data access restriction, and the possibility of data recovery in case of an emergency.
In addition, experts advise taking a closer look at the API. Open and insecure interfaces can become a weak link in data protection and the main reason for the vulnerability of cloud platforms.
Cloud services are used in business, science, healthcare, and private life. In almost every action on the Internet, one way or another, we use services from the cloud. The large volumes of data each person and company generate need to be stored. Therefore, the issue of cloud service security is a priority for both the service provider and customers.
The problem of data leakage can become a powerful argument in favor of abandoning the company’s products. It is the leading reason organizations protect sensitive data regarding the quality and functionality of their services. Data safety is changing all services: household financial accounting programs offer a complex authentication system, and banking applications care about free protection against scam calls.
To solve the problem of cloud security risks, you can pay attention to AI tools. Artificial intelligence and machine learning frameworks to automate data protection simplify routine tasks. However, they will soon be used to ensure security in public and private cloud infrastructures.
Andras Cser, vice president of Forrester Research, is sure that it makes no sense to encrypt all data. To ensure security, a specific policy must be introduced, for the preparation of which specialists can be involved. It is necessary to find out what data is in the cloud, where the traffic goes, and only then decide what information should be encrypted.
Before strengthening security measures, it would be helpful to calculate their feasibility: for example, compare the cost of introducing such measures and possible losses from information leakage. In addition, you should consider how encryption or user access and identity management will affect system performance.
Data protection can be carried out at several levels. For example, all data that users send to the cloud can be encrypted using the AES algorithm to ensure anonymity and security. The next level of protection is data encryption in the cloud storage server. Cloud providers also often use multiple data centers to store data, which positively affects the integrity of information.
When migrating to the cloud, many customers face the need to implement a new security strategy as firewalls and virtual networks have to be reconfigured.
According to research conducted by SANS, the customer concerns are tamper-proofing vulnerabilities (68%), application vulnerabilities (64%), malware infections (61%), social engineering and security breaches (59%), and insider threats (53%).
At the same time, experts believe that attackers will almost always be able to find a way to hack the system. Therefore, the main task is to ensure the attack does not spread to other vulnerable links in the chain. This is possible if the security system blocks unauthorized communication between workloads and prevents illegitimate connection requests.
Another approach that can improve the reliability of the data center is integrating security systems with DevOps practices. This helps you to accelerate the pace of application deployment and change implementation. The adaptive security architecture provides integration with automation and management tools, making changes to the security settings part of the continuous deployment process.
In cloud infrastructure, security is no longer considered separate from development and deployment and is becoming an integral part of continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD). This can be provided by tools such as the Jenkins plugin, which makes code and security checks a standard step for quality assurance.
Business placing information systems in the cloud is increasingly seeking to receive comprehensive protection services: for example, setting systems inside firewalls, building a secure channel, a secure connection using cryptographic algorithms, ensuring data security at the level of information systems by installing appropriate tools protection against unauthorized access, anti-virus protection, protection within the framework of the implementation of the detection and intrusion prevention circuit, and others.
The bulk of requests for IT infrastructure is related to the security of personal data. When transferring personal data to the provider, the customer, based on the processing order, may require appropriate confirmation that the data will be processed for a specific purpose, to a certain extent, within a specified period, using a particular set of protection measures.
One of the trends suggests that when developing services, the issue of cloud security risks is raised at a very late stage when the product code is written in such a way as to prevent vulnerabilities from appearing. Then, users receive information security solutions that have been developed as static and dynamic analyzers, component and dependency analyzers, image scanners, etc. New areas appear, such as DevSecOps and Application Security, whose task is to monitor the security of code and CI/CD.
Another critical trend is the compliance of services and infrastructure with information security requirements defined by national law or international standards. The product’s end-users, especially in B2B and B2C, understand the importance of security and demand it from their contractors. The most popular confirmation method is compliance certification or attestation from an authorized organization.
The development of managed services is one of the general trends in the cloud market. External experts execute the complex tasks if in-house specialists lack the knowledge.
IT services for infrastructure system administration are pretty popular, assisting with migration from dedicated servers to the cloud. Similar services appear in the field of information security. Setting up network security, choosing the proper infrastructure, and optimizing the portfolio of information security solutions is difficult for a single group of security professionals. And if a company cannot maintain a permanent staff of such specialists, Managed Services in the field of information security can be a good solution.
The market for cloud systems that provide infrastructure, platforms, and services is growing by tens of percent annually. Information security issues are becoming paramount for commercial and government customers who decide to place some of their resources in the cloud. Today, the issues of cloud security risks and building user confidence concerning providers offering services within the framework of cloud technologies are a priority in terms of the future development of cloud computing.
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